Current Issue : May - June 2022
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Articles May-Jun 2022

PALM SUMMIT Conference & SeminarNew!

Knowledge Quotient at PALM AV-ICN expo 2022
PALM SUMMIT Conference & Seminar

Manufacturers and distributors spend three fruitful days at PALM, exhibiting and showcasing their latest products, but beyond the enticing exhibition stands, are fringe events like the PALM Conference & Seminar Programme that are arguably the most valuable feature of the three days, wherein delegates ... read more

Articles May-Jun 2022

TOP 50 PRODUCTS & TECHNOLOGYNew!

Global Pro Sound & Light Technology
TOP 50 PRODUCTS & TECHNOLOGY

PALM has selected the Top 50 Pro Audio and Lighting Products & Technology, trending in the National and / or international markets. The demand for advanced technology has made the industry competitive with global brands unveiling the latest product technology and new versions of equipment with upgraded ... read more

Articles May-Jun 2022

OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTION TO THE PRO AUDIO INDUSTRYNew!

Glimpse of One of The Plants at Noida, U.P.

This year PALM + AV-ICN is honouring the AHUJA FAMILY for their Leadership of over Eight Decades in the Pro Audio Industry with the Lifetime Contribution to The Pro Audio Industry Award at the PALM Sound & Light awards. This award recognizes over Eighty Years of innovation, quality & reliability of brand AHUJA in meeting the demands of Pro Audio products in India. This award acknowledges their commitment to... read more

Articles May-Jun 2022

AV ARCHITECT OF THE YEARNew!

Awarded for highest standards in adopting best innovation and vision in AV Architecture This award has been instituted for an AV Architect chosen by AV-ICN platform to be recognized for the quality of his body of work, incorporating the best innovation and vision in AV architecture. In this feature, we highlight one of the most prestigious projects accomplished by Narendra Naidu - The Statue of Unity... read more

Articles Mar-Apr 2022

PALM AV-ICN 2022 SHOW PREVIEWNew!

PALM Expo was launched in 2001, in response to the top music recording engineers in Bombay desiring a dedicated pro audio expo. Bombay was the music recording capital and Bollywood Bombay boasted of the big studios and big sound rental companies and the beginning of the big stage... read more

Articles Mar-Apr 2022

Milind Raorane Sets the Tone at ToyRoom MumbaiNew!

ToyRoom outfitted its second outpost in Mumbai with Electro-Acoustic Design Consultant Milind Raorane to deploy a comprehensive Sound and Audio design that would enhance the unapparelled ambience of the nightclub. PALM +AV-ICN Reports.
Nex Protection Technology

Located in Kalina, Mumbai, Toy-Room Mumbai is established on the premises of the vibrant and stylish Grand Hyatt, one of Mumbai's sophisticated leisure and business... read more

Articles Mar-Apr 2022

Post Pandemic Video Conferencing RiseNew!

Abdul Waheed is the Managing Director at EYTE Technologies. A CTS holder from Avixa, Member of the Certificate Committee of AVIXA, has been in the AV industry for more than two decades, delivering many successful projects across various segments. Abdul gives his overview of the video-conferencing industry and the latest market trends.

ommunication, the human connection is the key to personal and professional success. It is very important to have effective communication... read more

Articles Mar-Apr 2022

The CHORDFATHER Experience New!

Neumann's first Studio Monitor Experience Center in Mumbai
Nex Protection Technology

Recently Neumann in collaboration with well-known music composer, producer, sound engineer, and live engineer, Sunny M.R.'s Chordfather Productions announced the launch of its exclusive Studio Monitor Experience Center for audio professionals... read more

Articles Jan-Feb 2022

Understanding the Dynamic Evolution of Projection Technology with NEC New!

Humans have always wanted to bring their imagination to life. Introducing 2K / 4K projectors that deliver superior colors’ and high resolution has made that possible.
Nex Protection Technology

The high detail, true color rendition and cinema-like quality video of projectors are being leveraged by Artists, museums, schools and businesses alike to educate, attract and engage customers or to uplift and inspire people in new and innovative ways...... read more

Articles Jan-Feb 2022

Integrated System Design Crafts a Savvy Aural Experience Hot!

HARMAN Professional Solutions & ISD install a comprehensive Aural setup at Pass Code Hospitality newly opened restaurants.
Integrated System Design

When Pass Code Hospitality opened three new bustling restaurants in Lower Parel, Mumbai, they reached out to HARMAN Professional Solutions and Integrated System Design to deploy a comprehensive Aural setup that enhanced each restaurant's theme well....... read more

Articles Jan-Feb 2022

Star Dimensions India accomplishes STATE-OF-THE-ART- LIGHTING ARCHITECTURE for the "BANDRA WONDERLAND" project in Mumbai New!

Ashish Mehta & Becket Tundatil Creatively Execute Seamless Architectural Lighting Design at the Iconic Bandra-Worli Sea Link.
Bandra-Worli Sea

Between 24th December 2021 and 2nd January 2022, the project came alive as the sun set on the city - with the entire 1.5 km of the Bandra Reclamation promenade being engulfed in specially themed displays that emphasized the four different seasons of the year, boasting different eye-catching..... read more

Articles Jan-Feb 2022

Understanding the Pro-Audio Market with Sennheiser New!

Sennheiser is a leading manufacturer of headphones, loudspeakers, microphones, and wireless transmission systems and has been creating unique sound experiences for customers. PALM+ AV-ICN got in touch with Vipin Pungalia, Director, Sales - Pro Audio & Country Manager, Sennheiser - India, to learn more about the company's plans for the Indian market.
Vipin Pungalia Pro Audio Country Manager Sennheiser

The live music industry had seen a boom before the third wave of COVID stuck. What are the current industry sentiments, and do you think that the industry is poised to see a boom again? India has always been a music-loving country, for global as well as local artists..... read more


Show More
Pramod Chandorkar - Founder, SoundideaZ Academy

Chandorkar offers expert tips on achieving a good recording with details about room dynamics, good microphones and their placement, and more.

In this age of Sound engineering, is the art of recording still alive? I had an opportunity to discuss the same with my contemporary engineers and seniors recently. It was a very relevant topic, which I thought could be discussed here.

Actually other than vocals hardly any instrument is recorded in today’s time. This applies to the most released popular music in India. As far as the recording art is concerned, its still kept alive by the Bands, Classical Music and other private non-film Music.

I cherish those memories when I used to record live instruments every day. Those were the days when I got to practice the art of recording. Microphone placement plays a major role in getting a good recording. My Guruji taught me “when you are recording you are actually capturing a precious time of the performance of an artist”. These words are engraved in my mind.

An important aspect for a good recording is the ‘Room’. The sound of the room plays a very important role in getting a good recording. Despite using the most state-of-the-art equipment, if the room is not acoustically right, the recording will never come right. In today’s time where space is so expensive, the size of the studio has been curtailed to a small room. Can we actually get a good recording out of these small rooms? Yes we can get a good recording out of these rooms as long as we understand the role of the room in a good recording. Different strategies need to be applied for recording different sounds.

Vocal recording

While recording solo vocals, ‘Distance’ is one factor, partly because of the proximity effect of the cardioid microphones typically used for vocal recording. A Mic further away from the singer picks up a more natural representation of their head and chest resonances. Close proximity to microphone will enhance the Lip noise; Esses & pop Sounds. Higher frequencies tend to beam slightly downwards from the nose and mouth, so positions below the nose will tend to be brighter than those above. Some consonants, such as ‘S’ and ‘P’ sounds, tend to be worst directly on axis vertically. When a microphone diaphragm is placed right in front of the lips or little below, the sound captured will be brighter in nature. If the microphone diaphragm is placed a little higher in line of the nose, the head resonance is captured. Depending on the performer the placement should be decided. The horizontal plane is a bit more of an unknown quantity, as it seems to me to vary more from singer to singer and many vocalists sing asymmetrically too, so the best thing to do is experiment, if you have the time. When you’re moving the Mic around, you need to make sure that the singer doesn’t follow it with their head position and posture; otherwise they’ll counteract the expected effect. The easiest way to prevent this is to set up the pop shield and have the singers locate themselves accordingly, rather than according to the Mic. Putting lyric sheets in a sensible location can also do a lot to direct the singer’s attention in the desired direction irrespective of Mic position.

Changing the angle of the Mic in any given position will also change the sound, especially if you’ve followed the norm of using a large diaphragm cardioid condenser Mic. Even the best large diaphragm cardioid mics deliver an altered frequency response off axis, which usually means less sensitivity to the high end of the spectrum, and in principle you could, indeed, use this to soften backing vocals.

Backing Vocals Or Chorus Recording

Recording multiple singers for a Chorus section has been a very important part of Indian film music. Using an Omni directional Condenser Microphone at a distance of 2-3 feet will give Impressive results. In the case where the section is singing an high octave part and are large in numbers the distance from the microphone can go up to 4-5 feet. This technique will deliver a good balanced Round sound. This technique will also capture the room sound to give the bigness of the section. For low octave or soft sections the distance can be reduced to 1-2 feet. Using different polar patterns as figure of 8 and spreading out the vocal section in such a way that bright vocalist can be off axis and softer ones on axis also improves the overall sound. The decision to apply the Mic technique also depends on the musical part being performed.

AKG 414, Neumann U 87 is widely used for these recordings.

Indian Percussion (Dholak & Tabla)

Indian Percussions have a very large range in terms of loudness and timber. They are played with sticks as well as hands. We will differentiate them with their characteristics. Hand played percussion’s include the following

Dholak, Tabla, Dholki, Pakhawaj, Mridungam, Khol. The mentioned instruments are not very loud in nature. However, when played loud, these instruments sound different. When we Mic these instruments, the style of playing or the genre in which they will be used is important to know in order to make a decision on how to Mic them. These instruments are also played solo or in an ensemble where you can have group of percussion’s playing together. The micking for such ensembles will be different than that of a solo performance.

Solo Micking

Shure SM58 & 57 is a very widely used dynamic microphone for these percussions. They should be placed 6-8” away from the source and pointing towards the center of the Instrument face. There have been a lot of instances where its debated weather to use one microphone for a Tabla or two!! Tabla consists of two individual parts a ‘Chati’ and a ‘Baya’. These are placed next to each other and the sound source is very much in the center. Ideal placement is one microphone in the center of both, the distance being 6-8”. The ‘Baya’ generates low mids and lows, where as ‘Chati’ generates hi mids and Mids. One SM 58 can very well capture them both or even a Neumann U 87 (Condenser Mic). In case of the later the distance can be 1 feet. Now based on the style of playing, you should ensure that the transients are not too loud and will be well captured by the microphone without getting overloading and saturation. A condenser microphone will give u a very clean character with pristine top end; if the distance is right you can capture the transients very nicely.

A Dholak also can be captured well with Shure Sm 58 & 57. Here the sound sources are exactly opposite to each other and you need 2 microphones. The distance has to be 6-8 “ apart. Generally a dynamic Mic is preferred than the condenser for recording a Dholak or the rest of the above-mentioned instruments other than the Tabla.

Ensemble or sections of Dholak

When recording sections of these percussions doing a collective micking to the section will deliver better results than doing individual micking. This will capture a room tone and a good ambience sound, which makes it sound bigger. Close micking or spot micking will not give a big sound. Some engineers nicely blend the spot mics with room mics. A thorough knowledge of Phase is required when you use multiple microphones for the sections.

In this technology dominated world of sound lets not forget the fundamentals of good recordings. An Acoustically designed room; good Microphones, Proper Knowledge of Mic Placement, Decent or good recording equipment’s only will lead to a good recording and a great Mix.

To Be continued..

Current Issue : May - June 2022
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