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Articles Sept-Oct 2022

Roger Drego on Creating Fail-Proof Sound for Mega Live Events New!

In a session titled 'Performance Guarantee of Mega Scale Live Sound Projects', Roger Drego, Managing Director, Electrocraft, took to the stage at PALM Conference 2022 to share invaluable challenges and insights with regards to guaranteeing fail-proof sound reinforcement during showtime. read more

Articles Sept-Oct 2022

Bringing Futuristic AV Ideas To Life New!

MMRDA, responsible for promoting, monitoring, and developing various sectors in Maharashtra, including, but not limited to transport, housing, water supply and more, entrusted EYTE to revamp and upgrade Wadala Monorail Depot's Boardroom with state-of-the-art AV infrastructure. Abdul Waheed, Managing Director, EYTE Technologies Pvt Ltd, in conversation with PALM Technology, reveals how his team transformed the visage and acoustics of the boardroom and managed to execute the impossible feat in a matter of seven days. read more

Articles Sept-Oct 2022

Exploring the Dynamics of India's Pro AV market with Renkus-HeinzNew!

Renkus-Heinz is a professional loudspeaker company known for its innovative technology that redefines sound to empower its audience. PALM+AV-ICN got in touch with Karan Kathuria, Renkus-Heinz's Director of Sales and Business Development, Asia, Oceania and SAARC, to learn more about the company's plans for India and its strategy to stimulate growth across different verticals.read more

Articles Sept-Oct 2022

7 New Trends in AV Conferencing to look out for this year New!

From augmented meetings and interactive whiteboards to LED video walls and seamless acoustics - Pooja Shah, Editorial Assistant at PALM AV-ICN, reports a comprehensive roundup of the biggest AV conferencing trends to keep an eye out for in 2022. read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

IRAA 2021 Winners Felicitation New!

The IRAA 2021 winners were felicitated at the PALM expo on 28th May 2022 in the presence of Jury members. Check out the pics here. Nominations for IRAA 2022 close on 30th October so hurry and send in your nominations now! read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

PALM AV-ICN Expo 2022 - Glimpses & HighlightsNew!

The PALM AV-ICN Expo 2022, held from May 26 - May 28, 2022 at Bombay Exhibition Centre in Mumbai, witnessed 20,000+ unique visitors from the world of pro audio, display, lighting, and integration. Take a look at the three-day expo's glimpses. read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

HARMAN Live Arena dazzles with a range of latest audio and lighting gearNew!

The HARMAN Live Arena one of the most popular demo features at the PALM Expo entered its 11th year. The Live Arena facilitates live demonstrations of advanced sound and lighting systems, through three-day live musical performances, featuring popular and budding artists and bands from the country's independent music scene.read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

CAVS (Certified AV Specialist) Course returns for its second consecutive editionNew!

The ethos of CAVS is to provide an independent neutral education forum suited to Indian AV ecosystem to gain their commitment to a future career in AV as a technician and join an integration team on par. AV professionals in India were imparted basic knowledge of AV from May 26 - May 28, 2022 at the CAVS three-day training.read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

PALM AV-ICN Conference & SeminarNew!

Curated by PALM AV-ICN magazine, the PALM Conference & Seminar was the optimum learning and networking platform for attendees, where the best talent and top-notch professionals from the country shared their expertise, skills and knowledge. read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

High Quality Attendance At Palm & Av-Icn Expo 2022New!

The professional sound, professional display, professional lighting and integration market of importers, distributors, dealers and actual users congregated in full strength at the BEC, Mumbai, to witness the largest display of product range from top global brands, sourcing millions of dollars inventory for distribution and rental.... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

IRAA strikes an energetic progress path with new chiefNew!

K.J. Singh recording engineer of brave new-gen albums is a spirited veteran deeply involved with Indian recording arts and professionals. The entire jury of IRAA after years is now entirely fresh, newly appointed by KJ... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

Attendees to PALM & AV-ICN Expo 2022New!

PALM AV-ICN 2022 proved to be far busier and well attended than expected. Who exactly attends and exhibits at India's foremost audio, lighting, and audiovisual technology expo? Read on for detailed breakdown of the attendee figures... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

Chopra's Keynote Pushes For Indian Manufacturing, Indian BrandsNew!

The 20th PALM Convention Keynote address by Founding Director Anil Chopra gave a clarion call for major investment into manufacturing pro audio, pro lighting and pro AV hardware in India... read more

Articles July-Aug 2022

What to expect from NEC at InfoComm India 2022New!

Joining PALM AV-ICN for a quick interview is Krishna Tripathi, General Manager, Display Solutions, NEC Corporation India Private Limited, wherein he elaborates on the exciting products attendees will be able to witness at the NEC Booth E20 at InfoComm India... read more


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Studio & Recording Glossary

In the quest to make life simpler for the ‘beginner’, PSS has endeavoured to regularly bring to its readers a glossary of pro-audio and professional lighting terms. In this issue we bring a comprehensive glossary of Recording Studio terminology.


Absorb: to take in a sound wave rather than passing it through or reflecting it.

Amplifier: Device that increases the level of an electrical signal.

Analogue:Circuitry that uses a continually changing voltage or current to represent a signal. The origin of the term is that the electrical signal can be thought of as being ‘analogous’ to the original signal.

Balance:The relative volume levels of various tracks or instruments.

Backing Track: Pre-recorded accompaniment used by a singer or other musician during a performance that is in addition to or in place of other performers. Sometimes called a performance track or public appearance track.

Baffles: Sound absorbing panels that are used to prevent sound waves from entering or leaving a space.

BIAS:In tape-recorder electronics, an ultrasonic signal that drives the erase head. This signal is also mixed with the audio signal applied to the record head to reduce distortion.

CLEAN:Free of noise, distortion, overhang, leakage.

CLEAR: Easy to hear, easy to differentiate. Reproduced with sufficient high frequencies.

CAPACITOR: Electrical component exhibiting capacitance. Capacitor microphones are often abbreviated to capacitors.

CLIPPING: Severe form of distortion which occurs when a signal attempts to exceed the maximum level which a piece of equipment can handle.

CONSOLE :Alternative term for mixer.

DAW: Abbreviation for digital audio workstation.

DB :An abbreviation for decibel, a measurement ratio that compares signal strengths.

Dropout:A brief loss of audio signal on tape, or a brief loss of data in a digital audio file that can result in an unwanted dip in audio, a crackle or a pop.

Dynamics:Way of describing the relative levels within a piece of music.

EARLY REFLECTIONS :The first sound reflections from walls, floors and ceilings following a sound created in an acoustically reflective environment.

EQUALIZER :A circuit that alters the frequency spectrum of a signal passed through it.

EXPANDER : 1. a signal processor that increases the dynamic range of a signal passed through it. 2. An amplifier whose gain decreases as its input level decreases. When used as a noise gate, an expander reduces the gain of low-level signals to reduce noise between notes.

FILTER :An electronic circuit designed to emphasize or attenuate a specific range of frequencies.

FREQUENCY : The number of cycles per second of a sound wave or an audio signal, measured in hertz (Hz). A low frequency (for example, 100Hz) has a low pitch; a high frequency (for example, 10,000Hz) has a high pitch.

GROUND LOOP : A loop or circuit formed of ground leads. Also refers to the loop formed when unbalanced components are connected together via two ground paths the connectingcable shield and the power ground. Ground loops cause hum and should be avoided.

Head room:The difference in dB between normal operating level and clipping level in an amplifier or audio device. Also describes the difference in dB between the peak levels of a recording and the point at which the signal distorts.

Hz: Short for Hertz, the unit of frequency.

IMPEDANCE : The opposition of a circuit to the flow of alternating current. Impedance is the complex sum of resistance and reactance. Abbreviated as Z.

In Port: A jack on a MIDI device or computer that will accept an incoming data signal.

I/O:An abbreviation for “Input /Output.” In audio, it refers to any device, program or system involving the transferring of electrical/audio signals or data.

JACK : A female or receptacletype connector for audio signals into which a plug is inserted.

KILO : A prefix meaning one thousand. Abbreviated k.

Leakage:The overlap of an instrument’s sound into another instrument’s microphone. Also called bleed or spill.

Live Recording:A recording session where all the musicians are playing at once with no overdubbing.

LOOP : In a sampling program, to play the sustain portion of a sound’s envelope repeatedly.

MIDI:Musical Instrument Digital Interface.

MIXER :Device for combining two or more audio signals.

Microphone: A transducer which converts sound pressure waves into electrical signals.

MULTITRACK :A recording device capable of recording several ‘parallel’ parts or tracks which may then be mixed or re-recorded independently.

NOISE :Unwanted sound, such as hiss from electronics or tape. An audio signal with an irregular, non-periodic waveform.

NON -LINEAR RECORDING :Describes digital recording systems that allow any parts of the recording to be played back in any order with no gaps. Conventional tape is referred to as linear, because the material can only play back in the order in which it was recorded.

Overdubbing:This term comes from the tape deck days but essentially means to record a track while listening to another track. This lets you play a lead over the top of a rhythm track for example. This is done with ease using a digital audio system.

PAD:Resistive circuit for reducing signal level.

POP FILTER :A screen placed on a microphone grille that attenuates or filters out pop disturbances before they strike the microphone diaphragm. Usually made of open-cell plastic foam or silk, a pop filter reduces pop and wind noise.

RECORD:To store an event


Current Issue : September - October 2022
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