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Articles July-August 2020

Bay Owl Studios – Not Just Music by the Bay

Launched in February 2020, Bay Owl Studios was founded by Varun Parikh who is an audio engineer and had no significant musical influence while growing up. His first exposure to music came when he was in high school..... read more

Harman all the Way

India’s First Domestic Hotel Chain – the Luxurious MAYFAIR Lake Resort – hires Qubix Technologies to provide state-of-the-art, end-to-end Integration with HARMAN Professional Solutions. PT reports..... read more

ANGRIYA Cruises the Seas with Bose

Latest cruise ships are teaming with audiovisual technology designed to keep passengers awed and coming back for more. In this feature PT reports on the audio installation of one such cruise ship - The Angriya Luxury Cruise Liner..... read more

Sennheiser 75-year Milestone

June 2020 marked the 75th anniversary of the foundation of Sennheiser, one of the world’s leading manufacturers of headphones, loudspeakers, microphones and wireless transmission systems. Through these 75 years, Sennheiser..... read more

Adiyogi Divya Darshanam Continues to Raise Standards

Since it’s unveiling in 2019 by the President of India Shri Ram NathKovind, the Adiyogi Divya Darshanam has enthralled spectators from across the globe. In May this year, this one of its kind projection mapping..... read more

Shankar & Siddharth Mahadevan’s Lambodara Studios

In the March-June 2020 issue of PALM Technology, PT did a cover story on Shankar and Siddharth Mahadevan’s new studio Lambodara. Here are some more images of the new studio..... read more

Acoustic and Audio System Design for Small Rooms- Part 2

In part 1 of this series we defined a small room, introduced the concept of sound waves as they relate to phase shift and comb filtering, and even touched on the Haas (precedence) effect. In this article, we will talk..... read more

IRAA 2020 Goes Virtual

PALM expo’s concern to ensure safety from ongoing pandemic mandated cancelation of the 2020 edition of PALM expo and in the best interest of the industry and business, decided not to move forward with the expo in 2020, carrying forward the show to May 2021..... read more

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Music Monetization?


Last year, the Unequal Music column in the Nov-Dec issue of the mag touched on the topic of alleged misappropriation of funds by the IPRS and IPL; rewind to last year‘s report – “The Ministry of HRD had set up, on 27 February 2014, an Enquiry Commission headed by retired Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana, Justice Mukul Mudgal, to look into the affairs of IPRS because the ministry had prime facie evidence that the record labels who control both IPRS and PPL may have colluded to ensure that the rights of the lyricists and composers were siphoned off by PPL and even some third party private companies. To avoid the Enquiry, on June 2, 2014 IPRS withdrew from the Registrar of Copyrights its application for renewal of its license to operate as a Copyright Society and went to court against the Enquiry Commission disclaiming its status as a society. Fortunately, on 13 March 2015, the Chief Justice of Maharashtra ruled against IPRS, whose claim amounted to, he said, “adding premium to dishonesty”, and that the Government was well within its right to audit the accounts of IPRS from 1996 to 21 June 2013. IPRS then filed a Special Leave Petition in the Supreme Court. On Friday 11 September 2015, the Supreme Court dismissed the SLP of IPRS.” When we last reported, the ball was in the court of the Ministry of HRD and the question was: how fast and effectively would the HRD ministry?

Fast forward to December 2016: The Centre has constituted an enquiry to probe into allegations of malpractices against the Indian Performing Rights Society (IPRS). “Since there were allegations of malpractices against the IPRS, the Central Government has constituted an enquiry against it, which is currently in progress,” said the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). Indian Performing Rights Society (IPRS) and Phopnographic Performance Ltd. (PPL) were registered as copyright societies under section 33 of the pre-amended Copyright Act, 1957 for carrying out copyright business in the field of musical and literary works and sound recording works respectively. However, the said registration was over with effect from June 21, 2013 -- one year from the date of enactment of the Copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012 on June 21, 2012.

“Both the societies have applied for re-registration before the Central Government under Section 33 of the amended Act within the prescribed time limit and their request for re-registration as Copyright Societies is under examination,” the DIPP said.

So to cut a long story short, the truth remains that even after a year, there hasn’t been any constructive progress and it sure looks like it will be quite some time before this country’s composers/lyricists get justice and can monetise the fruits of their labour.

Another issue of the magazine and we are back to scrutinizing the set of songs that are ruling the charts.

At the time of going to press, songs from Karan Johar’s ‘Ae Dil Hain Mushkil’ were dominating the charts, with ‘Channa Mereya’ basking in the glory of the #1 position, while the quirky “Break up Song” and the title song of the movie “Dil hain mushkil” were at #4 and #6 respectively. The Sound Design for the songs are by Dj Phukan & Sunny M.R.; Mixed and Mastered by Shadab Rayeen at New Edge Studio with Abhishek Sortey as assistant and Ashwin Kulkarni, Himanshu Shirlekar, Lee Slater and Kaushik Das as the recording engineers.

The new entry this month was ‘Nashe Si Chadh Gayi’ from Befikre at #2. Though the film bombed at the box-office, the peppy tracks of the movie managed to set feet taping. The other song from this movie which has made it to the list is ‘Ude Dil Befikre’ at #5; music by Vishal-Shekhar and recorded at Yashraj Studios under the YRF Music label.

Though Amit Trivedi came out with another beautiful set of songs for the movie Dear Zindagi, only the light hearted and warm track “Love you Zindagi” managed to find a place on the music charts this month. At #3, the song under the Sony Music label, has been recorded by Shadab Rayeen, Assisted by Abhishek Sortey & Firoz Shaikh at AT Studios and also mixed by Shadab Rayeen at A T Studios & New Edge Studios in Mumbai. The song has been mastered by Donal Whelan of Masteringworld, U.K and Sound Design is by Debasish Mishra.

Close on the heels of Ae Dil Hain Mushkil, Pritam seems to have ended the year on a high note with some rustic Haryanvi music for the Aamir Khan starrer Dangal.

Recorded under the Zee Music Company label, the songs ‘Bapu Hanikarak’ at #7 and ‘Dhaakad’ at #9 have hit the right chord with the audience. The sound crew for the songs include sound design by Shajith Koyeri (Bapu Hanikarak) and Sunny M.R. & DJ Phukan (Dhaakad); Mix & Mastered by Shadab Rayeen and assisted by Abhishek Sortey at New Edge studios; Recording Engineers : Kaushik Das, Ashwin Kulkarni, Himanshu Shirlekar and Aaroh Velankar

It may just be a matter of time before we hear some of these songs on the little box as an ad jingle or a television title track. The reuse of Bollywood-songs in India is legion. Wrigley’s used ‘Ek Ajnabee Hasina Se’ from the Rajesh Khanna starrer Ajnabee to launch its Doublemint brand, while the super hit daily soap Bade Achche Lagte Hai chose a namesake song from the 1970s movie Balika Vadhu. Saffola with Akele Akele Kahaan Ja Rahe Ho, Tanishq with Dil Deke Dekho, Cello Pens with Chitthi Aai Hai....the instances are innumerable.

This again brings us to the rights of the composers/lyricists and creatives behind the songs. Music Labels have found one more avenue to monetise their library of songs, but what about the composers and lyricists. “The purpose of IPRS is to issue Licences to users of music and collect Royalties from them, for and on behalf of its Members i.e. the Authors, the Composers and the Publishers of Music and distribute this Royalty amongst them after deducting its administrative costs,” but with the body supposed to be looking after the interests of its members embroiled in legal cases of misappropriation of funds, the members woes continue as we move forward to the next year.


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