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Articles Jan - Feb 2020

Sunburn Rocks with Full Spectrum Sound

One of Asia’s largest music festivals, OPPO Sunburn in association with Percept Live and Klassique Events Goa returned to its birthplace Goa, this December after a hiatus of 3 years. The festival which made a grand homecoming for its 13th edition at Vagator for a three-day showcase ..... read more

11 Questions with Kalle Hvidt Nielsen-CEO, DPA Microphones

Kalle Hvidt Nielsen, CEO at DPA Microphones since September 2016 gained extensive knowledge of developing cutting-edge technologies in audio, in his previous positions as CEO at Bang & Olufsen A/S and Brüel & Kjær Sound & Vibration Measurement..... read more

New Meyer Sound Systems Highlight 50th Anniversary of India’s National Centre for the Performing Arts

Widely heralded as one of India’s leading cultural institutions, The National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA) in Mumbai recently celebrated 50 years of presenting an extraordinary array of dance, drama and musical performances by Indian and international artists..... read more

Palm Technology - Top 50 Products 2020

The last 12 months have seen a revolution in pro audio, lighting, DJ Gear and installation. With new gear, equipment, and companies bringing in new technology, the industry is opening up to new possibilities ..... read more

Iconic Mahakavi Kalidas Kalamandir Auditorium Upgrades to Bose Professional RoomMatch System

The addition of the Bose Professional RoomMatch system has dramatically improved the overall sound experience here. It has always been our mission to provide the city with a space that allows audiences the chance to immerse themselves into the on-stage..... read more

The Making of U2’s - The Joshua Tree Tour, India

Over 40,000 Indian fans who might have endured over a decade of false rumours about the legendary band U2 touring the country, were finally treated to a dream musical extravaganza by BookMyShow (BMS), India’s leading entertainment destination when they ..... read more

Articles Nov - Dec 2019

Dev Electronics – India’s Most Preferred Pro Audio Technologies partner!

Success can be elusive for many trying to make their presence felt in an increasingly crowded pro audio marketplace of channel partners, distributors, and dealers. This naturally entails embodying a certain boldness of spirit..... read more

DJs Scratching on Favourites

There is no better way than ending 2019 than listing out some of the best DJ gear from some of the best DJs in the country..... read more

SNL Pro Ups the Ante at the OnePlus Music Festival

Curated by OnePlus, the OnePlus Music Festival “merged the wonder of music and the power of technology” to bring an immersive experience at the DY Patil Stadium in Mumbai on 16th November..... read more

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Studio & Recording Glossary

In the quest to make life simpler for the ‘beginner’, PSS has endeavoured to regularly bring to its readers a glossary of pro-audio and professional lighting terms. In this issue we bring a comprehensive glossary of Recording Studio terminology.


Absorb: to take in a sound wave rather than passing it through or reflecting it.

Amplifier: Device that increases the level of an electrical signal.

Analogue:Circuitry that uses a continually changing voltage or current to represent a signal. The origin of the term is that the electrical signal can be thought of as being ‘analogous’ to the original signal.

Balance:The relative volume levels of various tracks or instruments.

Backing Track: Pre-recorded accompaniment used by a singer or other musician during a performance that is in addition to or in place of other performers. Sometimes called a performance track or public appearance track.

Baffles: Sound absorbing panels that are used to prevent sound waves from entering or leaving a space.

BIAS:In tape-recorder electronics, an ultrasonic signal that drives the erase head. This signal is also mixed with the audio signal applied to the record head to reduce distortion.

CLEAN:Free of noise, distortion, overhang, leakage.

CLEAR: Easy to hear, easy to differentiate. Reproduced with sufficient high frequencies.

CAPACITOR: Electrical component exhibiting capacitance. Capacitor microphones are often abbreviated to capacitors.

CLIPPING: Severe form of distortion which occurs when a signal attempts to exceed the maximum level which a piece of equipment can handle.

CONSOLE :Alternative term for mixer.

DAW: Abbreviation for digital audio workstation.

DB :An abbreviation for decibel, a measurement ratio that compares signal strengths.

Dropout:A brief loss of audio signal on tape, or a brief loss of data in a digital audio file that can result in an unwanted dip in audio, a crackle or a pop.

Dynamics:Way of describing the relative levels within a piece of music.

EARLY REFLECTIONS :The first sound reflections from walls, floors and ceilings following a sound created in an acoustically reflective environment.

EQUALIZER :A circuit that alters the frequency spectrum of a signal passed through it.

EXPANDER : 1. a signal processor that increases the dynamic range of a signal passed through it. 2. An amplifier whose gain decreases as its input level decreases. When used as a noise gate, an expander reduces the gain of low-level signals to reduce noise between notes.

FILTER :An electronic circuit designed to emphasize or attenuate a specific range of frequencies.

FREQUENCY : The number of cycles per second of a sound wave or an audio signal, measured in hertz (Hz). A low frequency (for example, 100Hz) has a low pitch; a high frequency (for example, 10,000Hz) has a high pitch.

GROUND LOOP : A loop or circuit formed of ground leads. Also refers to the loop formed when unbalanced components are connected together via two ground paths the connectingcable shield and the power ground. Ground loops cause hum and should be avoided.

Head room:The difference in dB between normal operating level and clipping level in an amplifier or audio device. Also describes the difference in dB between the peak levels of a recording and the point at which the signal distorts.

Hz: Short for Hertz, the unit of frequency.

IMPEDANCE : The opposition of a circuit to the flow of alternating current. Impedance is the complex sum of resistance and reactance. Abbreviated as Z.

In Port: A jack on a MIDI device or computer that will accept an incoming data signal.

I/O:An abbreviation for “Input /Output.” In audio, it refers to any device, program or system involving the transferring of electrical/audio signals or data.

JACK : A female or receptacletype connector for audio signals into which a plug is inserted.

KILO : A prefix meaning one thousand. Abbreviated k.

Leakage:The overlap of an instrument’s sound into another instrument’s microphone. Also called bleed or spill.

Live Recording:A recording session where all the musicians are playing at once with no overdubbing.

LOOP : In a sampling program, to play the sustain portion of a sound’s envelope repeatedly.

MIDI:Musical Instrument Digital Interface.

MIXER :Device for combining two or more audio signals.

Microphone: A transducer which converts sound pressure waves into electrical signals.

MULTITRACK :A recording device capable of recording several ‘parallel’ parts or tracks which may then be mixed or re-recorded independently.

NOISE :Unwanted sound, such as hiss from electronics or tape. An audio signal with an irregular, non-periodic waveform.

NON -LINEAR RECORDING :Describes digital recording systems that allow any parts of the recording to be played back in any order with no gaps. Conventional tape is referred to as linear, because the material can only play back in the order in which it was recorded.

Overdubbing:This term comes from the tape deck days but essentially means to record a track while listening to another track. This lets you play a lead over the top of a rhythm track for example. This is done with ease using a digital audio system.

PAD:Resistive circuit for reducing signal level.

POP FILTER :A screen placed on a microphone grille that attenuates or filters out pop disturbances before they strike the microphone diaphragm. Usually made of open-cell plastic foam or silk, a pop filter reduces pop and wind noise.

RECORD:To store an event



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